8 Symptoms of a Blown Head Gasket vs Cracked Engine Block

(Updated on July 9, 2020)

The two main parts of any engine are its cylinder head and engine block. The block contains the pistons and cylinders, while the cylinder head contains the rocker arms and valves.

In between the block and cylinder head is the cylinder head gasket. This gasket serves as a seal for all the cylinders inside the block. The seal prevents coolant from leaking out of the cylinders and it also prevents oil from leaking into the cylinders and mixing with the coolant.

Most importantly, if there is ever a problem with the engine block or the cylinder head, the gasket will allow the mechanic to separate these two big pieces of the engine so that they can be individually repaired.

If you suspect you have a blown head gasket, it may actually be a cracked engine block, and vice versa. The symptoms of each can be similar.

3 Symptoms of a Blown Cylinder Head Gasket 

A cylinder head gasket is bound to blow out after a while. This could cause the motor oil, fuel, and/or coolant to mix with each other in the internal combustion chamber.

Since the head gasket is meant to prevent the mixture of these fluids, a blown head gasket could cause this and the results can be catastrophic. Below are three of the most common signs that indicate you have a blown head gasket.

Related: The Dreaded Subaru Head Gasket Issue

1) Antifreeze & Oil Mixture

coolant in oil

A blown cylinder head gasket can cause oil to mix with the antifreeze fluid. But the same can happen with a cracked engine block so another symptom must also be present.

2) Engine Overheating

engine overheating symptoms

If the coolant is leaked into the oil, then it won’t be able to do its job properly of cooling down the engine’s components. This will cause the engine to overheat. The smart thing to do if your car is overheating, is to simply pull off to the side of the road and not continue driving.

3) Poor Engine Performance

car hesitates when accelerating - gas pedal

Once you have an overheated engine, it’s performance will diminish greatly. The biggest issue will be slow acceleration and engine stalling since you then likely have low engine compression as a result.

5 Symptoms of a Cracked Engine Block

The engine block is what houses and protects the cylinders of your engine. The case of the engine block is lubricated to prevent any overheating of the cylinders or components inside of it.

The top of the engine block is where the cylinder heads are located. It closes the cylinders from the topside and allows the combustion chamber to be formed. It’s fairly rare for the engine block to ever get cracked, but it has happened before.

Once it does, the engine will begin to have all kinds of problems and present some very bad symptoms. After all, if the engine block can no longer protect the internal components from excessive heat and cold, then the entire engine is literally toast.

Here are five common signs you can expect from a cracked engine block.

1) Oil & Antifreeze Mixture

coolant in oil

Engine oil and antifreeze fluid can mix together if there is a serious crack in the engine block. The antifreeze fluid will be able to find its way through the crack and then circulate with the oil. This will spell major trouble for the engine.

As noted above, oil mixing with antifreeze can also indicate a blown head gasket so consider other symptoms as well.

2) Engine Smoke

smoke from engine

A huge symptom of a cracked block is smoke coming out of the engine. If you let this go for too long, it will lead to other engine problems.

The smoke is due to emissions fumes leaking through the crack instead of the exhaust system and out the tailpipe. With this you will also likely experience a drastic loss of power when trying to accelerate.

3) Seeing a Crack in the Block

cracked engine block

If you truly need to confirm that you have a crack in the engine block, then just perform a visual inspection of the block to see if it has a crack in it. Of course, it usually isn’t as simple as popping the hood open.

If you don’t have the mechanical experience, you can hire a mechanic to do this for you and to get a certain diagnosis.

4) Engine Overheating

engine overheating symptoms

The casing of the engine block helps keep the engine’s components cool and lubricated. If there is a crack in the block, the engine won’t have the proper cooling available which will lead to the engine overheating and eventually internal damage if driving continues.

5) Low Compression

low compression causes

The internal combustion process allows engine compression to take place. Since the combustion takes place in the engine block, any crack that forms on the block will result in reduced compression since air is escaping. Once that happens, the performance of the engine will diminish.

42 thoughts on “8 Symptoms of a Blown Head Gasket vs Cracked Engine Block”

  1. Trying to diagnose the engine of a classic car. We assumed it was a blown head gasket, took the heads off and sent them to a shop. The shop just called back saying there were cracks in the head. (We don’t yet know/haven’t had the opportunity to inspect the heads. The shop has been a bit dodgy and we have reason to suspect this may not be true.) If there are indeed cracks in the head, does that mean the block is also cracked? It’s a PRV V6 engine.

  2. I was told by a mechanic that my truck may have a blown head gasket or a crack in the block cause gas and coolant was mixing to gether. Is that po8

  3. I have to put antifreeze every few weeks bout4/5 weeks. If i forget about it, it completely empties, then my 15 Chevy Cruze overheats really bad. Once I put more antifreeze, its good until it all happens again. Ive been doing this for about a year now; i keep a bottle of orange antifreeze in my trunk. What does it sound like could be the problem?

    • It’s possible you have a simple coolant leak. Perform a radiator pressure test to ensure the cooling system holds the amount of pressure it was designed for. While under pressure, check for leaks on the ground and around the engine bay. You may even look in the engine bay and notice it spraying out from somewhere. This happened to me… three times, in fact.

      If you can’t find a leak, this would be a textbook symptom for internal head gasket failure. Internal head gasket failure means the leak stayed within the engine or cooling system, so you probably wouldn’t any coolant on the ground in this case.

      If you do have a failed head gasket, you will likely also see white smoke coming out of the exhaust even after the car has reached operating temperature.

  4. Have a 2013 v8 5.7L Durango. Performs perfectly and no over heating. But after driving highway speeds once parked will purge coolant out of the reservoir tank. And does not do it on the return trip or driving around town. Temp never goes above 228. No smoke from tail pipe but leak test showed positive for compression gases in coolant. Almost instant positive when doing the test. Could it be a leaky head that hasn’t blown yet? Or something else?

  5. i have a 85 JD farm tractor with a 3cyl. Yanmar 21 HP diesal. just recently was told i have low compression on 1 cyl. , was within operating range. Since noticed that after just a few minutes of idle or light use that i am seeing coolant dripping from overflow. after inspection i realize that my overflow water is black. obvious that exhaust in leaching into coolant & forcing coolant to back pressure out overflow. is this a sign of cracked head/ block or gasket. does not appear that water is in oil.? also did radiator pressure test and had slow/minimal loss.(not running). if that matters?

      • It shouldn’t build pressure in the radiator as long as the radiator cap is working. I don’t think the intake manifold gasket would cause an overheat for a Tracker, but I’m not certain on that. A bad intake manifold gasket should only cause overheating if there are water jackets in the intake manifold.

  6. Hi. I have a jetta 5 tdi. In the antifreeze bottle are grey thick stuff floating. The oil cooler has been tested under high pressure and doesn’t leak. The pipes from the antifreeze bottle are clean inside. The oil dipstick are normal. The heat gauge is normal. The car performance is excellent. What can be the cause of the grey thick stuff in the antifreeze bottle? When you put your finger in the inside of the bottle and take it out it looks like oil.

    • I’m not really sure. It could be some old stop leak in the system, or some other random gunk that has floated to the surface from inside the cooling system. If the cooling system hasn’t been flushed in a while, I would go ahead and flush it to be on the safe side. Otherwise, just scoop out any chunks of the stuff you can reach, then top off the coolant back to the full level. If the car is otherwise performing well I wouldn’t worry about it too much.

  7. Took my car to the garage after it had been stood for 6 years. They got it running again, and it passed the MOT. Within 10 minutes of picking it up, it was overheating. I put coolant in once it had cooled down and tried once more – solved; then I noticed the white smoke 🙁 A loss of coolant level, which I’d been topping up at the rate of 1L per 10 miles a day local journey. Suddenly, that has stopped happening, the coolant level stays as it should and the car stays colder than normal temp with no white smoke present. Initially, there was a central water drip, which also has now stopped happening. Instead, now, i’m getting a shuddering engine, and low-performance acceleration; you can feel a little bit of kickdown, but not much at all. The garage reckons its the head gasket, I’m more suspecting a cracked block. I don’t want the expense of engineering the block if its dead, that’s 500+ (estimate for gasket + labour + belts, more for a repair) pounds gone for no reason. any advice? I do have a spare engine, but it’s been stood over 10 years. Don’t know what to do for the best.

    • That’s a long time for a car to sit without running. Personally, I would do a bunch of testing to pinpoint the location of the coolant leak before going any further. Is it leaking from a hose and burning off the exhaust manifold? Is it being burnt in the combustion chamber and escaping from the tailpipe as white smoke? Check if you can see or smell any evidence of a coolant leak in different parts of the engine bay.

      You could also perform a compression and leak down test. A leak down test will tell you more and often reveal the location of a leak in the combustion chamber on the compression stroke, when the chamber is supposed to be sealed.

      A cracked block is typically more rare than a head gasket leak, and if the car sat for that long, I wouldn’t be surprised if it was the head gasket after all.

  8. I have a 2009 Lincoln mks 3.7 liter my fan coolant fuse had blown and I didn’t know it was a fuse . So I bought a new fan coolant assembly and my fan still didn’t come on and my car kept running hot so weeks later found out it was the fuse and replaced it and my car started running back properly until today it just started to jerk and when I checked it the coolant was leaving and running into my oil I checked the dip stick and it had a coffee look to it is that a blown head gasket

    • That depends, do you drink black coffee or Starbucks frappuccino? 🙂

      If you’re worried about the possibility of head gasket failure, I would do a leak down test to see if any air is escaping into the cooling system. That will tell you for sure if the problem extends beyond the cooling fan fuse. Running the motor hot for prolonged periods of time does have the potential to ruin head gaskets, though.

  9. Do the chemical block sealers/gasket sealers really work? Is there a way to tell the difference between a blown gasket and a cracked block without taking the engine apart?

    • I am not aware of a way to tell the difference between a cracked block and a head gasket failure without a teardown of the top end of the engine. A leak down test would likely show leakage into the cooling system in either case.

      I would use the recommended head gasket for your vehicle. I don’t know anything about block sealers but I would guess they don’t work as well as doing the proper head gasket repair.

  10. I have a inboard 302 in my boat and it filled the oil with water unit it started shooting milky oil out of the overflow by oil cap do you think it’s head gasket or block?

  11. So i have a 2013 Dodge Dart srt rallye 2.0l and the hose that connects to the actual thermostat is dripping pinkish. My coolant is orange. What would this be?

  12. I have a 2009 Infiniti M45 260k miles. I was told that my head gasket has a small leak. The car has never overheated, and no signs of oil and coolant mix. Symptoms are coolant slowly rising from the radiator at startup with the cap off. Also, I am having cooling parts fail one by one (radiator then water pump). The mechanic said it’s because of a small leaking head gasket that will keep finding weak points. The car is in immaculate condition. Can a head gasket blow without the car overheating?

    • While it’s true that a head gasket can leak without any overheating, I would still get a second opinion. If you let the car warm up without the radiator cap on, the coolant will naturally rise in any car, especially when the thermostat opens.

      To know for sure if you have a head gasket leak, you can have a shop perform a leak down test. If air escapes the combustion chamber into the cooling system, you’ll know for sure that you have a head gasket leak.

  13. Is it possible to have oil in the antifreeze but no antifreeze in the oil for a blown head Or crack..Or would you say it could just be stop leak surfacing? But it’s been awhile since any stop leak has been used to just now be surfacing

  14. If you let your car run about 30 minutes then turn it off. And check your oil cap and it’s milky but, you check your dip stick and it’s fine what could it be?

  15. The coolant disappears as fast as I pour it in, 2010 mini cooper no leaks on the ground, had a n oil change yesterday and the oil is already milky

    • That sounds like a textbook head gasket failure. You can probably do a leak down test to confirm. I would talk to a local mechanic as soon as you can to get the issue squared away.

  16. i have a 1973 ford truck with a year and a half old 390 motor that was using coolant but wasnt leaking now water is running out of exhaust on passenger side only but still runs but havnt driven it does that sound like a cracked block or head gasket

  17. I have polo 2.0 it allows water in the coolant come out from exhaust. The engine is turning but misfiring. What exactly the the diagnostic problem

  18. I have passat volkswagen 1.8 engine i bought second handed after a while it started to overheat.i changed top gasket,wash radiator and changed water pump but it still can’t stop.please can someone help tell me what else could be the cause of the overheating

    • Which gasket is the top gasket? You might want to do a leak down test to see if it is the head gasket. Start with simple stuff first like the radiator cap. Make sure you have enough coolant as well.


Leave a Comment