The air filter is a part of the vehicle that should be self-explanatory. As you probably know, the internal combustion engine can only operate if it has the proper amount of air and fuel. The air that goes into the engine is supplied by the outdoors. However, the engine requires this to be clean air without any dirt or debris.
That is where the air filter becomes important because it blocks all the harmful debris in the air from entering the engine. If you don’t have a functional air filter to block these harmful airborne contaminants, then it will spell trouble for the performance of your engine.
Top 5 Signs of a Dirty or Clogged Air Filter
If you regularly get tune-ups and oil changes on your vehicle at a dealership, quick lube oil change place, or independent mechanic, then the shop employee may automatically check your air filter to see if it needs to be replaced.
Of course, you should not always rely on the employee to do this because they might skip this task just to finish their job faster. That is why you need to be aware of the symptoms of a bad or clogged air filter, so you will know when it is time to replace it.
Here are five things that often indicate you have a dirty air filter. If you suspect that’s the case, do a visual inspection of the filter or take it to an nearby automotive service center at the first available opportunity.
1) Poor Fuel Efficiency
The functioning engine needs the correct balance of air and fuel to be mixed together for the ideal combustion process to take place. This helps maximize the fuel efficiency of your vehicle so that you get the most miles per gallon possible.
But if you have a bad air filter due to dirt and other particles clogging it, it will either block air from entering the internal combustion chamber or it will send dirty air into there. This will interfere with the combustion process and cause the engine to burn more fuel to compensate.
2) Bad Engine Performance
The engine depends on an adequate supply of clean air for its combustion process to satisfy your acceleration demands. In other words, if you have a bad air filter, then don’t be surprised if you have trouble accelerating as you step on the gas pedal.
The engine will not respond well to dirty air in its chamber. This means it will have trouble generating enough power to accelerate the vehicle to the speed that you want, especially when under load.
3) Unusual Engine Sounds
There are different engine sounds that you will hear if you have a dirty or clogged air filter. These will be like coughing sounds which you do not normally hear.
These noises will occur the most when you step on the brake pedal and come to a stop. When the car is idling and then coughing sounds are heard, it means the engine is not getting enough good air inside of it.
4) Bad Spark Plugs
A dirty air filter can also cause the spark plugs to get dirty and not work as well as intended. This will limit the performance of the spark plugs when it comes to igniting the air and fuel mixture inside the internal combustion chamber.
Any problems with your engine performance will probably be connected to this. If a visual check confirms you have a dirty air filter, inspect your spark plugs to see if they are dirty too. If they are, then replace your spark plugs and air filter together.
5) Too Low or High Idling RPM
When you turn on your engine and just leave it idling, the number of revolutions it makes should be in the 600 to 800 RPM range (but some older cars may idle slightly higher). This is considered the normal idling RPM range.
This is based on the proper amount of air and fuel being mixed together in the combustion chamber. Therefore, if you have a bad air filter which limits the amount of quality air in the chamber, then it will throw the RPM range out of order. If you notice the RPM falling under 600 RPM or over 1,000 RPM, then it’s a problem that must be addressed soon.
Can a Bad Air Filter Cause a Rough Idle?
A bad air filter could cause a rough idle if it’s really clogged. Fortunately, it’s really easy to check for a dirty air filter on most vehicles. Pop out the air filter and see if it’s caked in debris. If so, replace the filter and see if your idle improves.
A soiled air filter could potentially foul up the mass airflow (MAF) sensor. A bad MAF sensor can definitely cause a rough idle. The MAF sensor can be cleaned with MAF sensor cleaner (available at most auto parts stores). In exteme cases, you may need to replace the MAF sensor. The MAF sensor is very delicate, so be sure not to touch it with your hands.
Can You Drive with a Dirty Air Filter?
Most of the time it’s completely fine to drive with a dirty air filter. The main thing you’ll notice is a reduction in power and fuel economy. The more the airflow into the engine is restricted, the greater your power loss and reduction in fuel economy will be.
How Often Should You Change Your Air Filter?
The answer to this question varies a lot. Do you drive on dusty dirt roads? Do you run the engine at high RPM often (therefore pulling a greater volume of air into the engine)?
Manufacturers typically recommend you replace the engine air filter every 15,000 to 30,000 miles. Replace the engine air filter more frequently if either of the above conditions apply to you.
Car Air Filter Replacement Cost
Air filters are extremely cheap to replace yourself. The cost of a replacement air filter is around $15 to $30. A reusable aftermarket air filter runs between $50 and $75. Reusable filters can be cleaned instead of thrown away, which is good for the environment and your wallet.
Having a mechanic replace your air filter will cost a little more. Expect the service to run around $85 to $100 for a replacement paper filter. Air filter inspection is usually free.