To start a diesel engine successfully, it will need a special heating component called a diesel glow plug. A diesel engine cannot start and operate properly without the heat generated from this plug.
If you normally drive your diesel-powered vehicle in colder environments, your engine will rely on the diesel glow plug to generate the necessary heat it needs to function. Otherwise, the cold temperatures would make it impossible for the vehicle to start up.
In addition, the cylinder block and cylinder head will be absorbing a lot of this heat too. Since the diesel glow plug is positioned within the internal combustion chamber, it will deliver this heat to the engine.
Top 4 Bad Diesel Glow Plug Symptoms
You now know that the diesel glow plug is a necessity for a diesel engine to function properly. So, if the diesel glow plug were to become damaged or become faulty for some reason, the symptoms would be easy to spot. In fact, the whole car’s functionality will change because of it.
Here are four of the most common symptoms of a bad diesel glow plug.
1) Difficulty Starting the Engine
Bad diesel glow plugs will make your car engine difficult to start up. Since the pressures in the cylinder are mainly responsible for igniting the diesel fuel after it’s been injected into compressed air, a bad diesel glow plug will place more pressure on the engine for this ignition to be successful. That is why starting your vehicle becomes difficult.
2) Engine Misfires
When the fuel does not ignite properly in the cylinder, this will cause an engine misfire to take place. As you know, the diesel glow plug plays a vital role in making this ignition a success.
If the plug is not functioning properly, there will likely be a misfire during ignition. You may still be able to drive your vehicle, but you will experience a downgrade from its normal performance.
3) Black Smoke
If you see black smoke coming out of the exhaust pipe, this could be an indication that you have a bad diesel glow plug. Of course, there could be several reasons for this black smoke, but a bad glow plug will certainly put a damper on the diesel combustion that takes place.
Black smoke is not a normal part of this combustion process. Therefore, take this smoke as a warning sign that something must be wrong either with the diesel glow plug or some other vital component of the combustion process.
4) Engine Light On
Usually when the diesel glow plug malfunctions, the diagnostic trouble code or engine light in the dashboard will turn on. To determine the problem you should use a diagnostic scan tool. Commonly, the code showing will be P0380: Defined as Glow Plug/Heater Circuit “A” Malfunction.