The fuel pressure regulator is a component found within the internal combustion engine of a vehicle. The job of the fuel pressure regulator is just how it sounds. It regulates the fuel pressure of the engine system by changing the pressure whenever necessary. It features a mechanical diaphragm that is operated by a vacuum to adjust the pressure. However, newer vehicles tend to use electronic versions of the regulators instead.
Both types of regulators serve the same purpose by allowing fuel to be distributed properly to the internal combustion chamber of the engine. Since different driving operations put various power demands on the engine, the amount of fuel it needs will change frequently. If you don’t have a functional fuel pressure regulator to accommodate these inconsistent fuel demands, then the performance of your engine will be in jeopardy.
Top 5 Failure Symptoms
Fuel pressure regulators will not stay functional forever. During the lifetime of your vehicle, you can expect the fuel pressure regulator to go bad at least once. If this happens, it will produce some very noticeable symptoms that you should not ignore.
Below are the top 5 symptoms that you will experience when the fuel pressure regulator goes bad.
Black Smoke – An easily noticeable symptom of a bad fuel pressure regulator is black smoke coming out of the exhaust pipe. There are many possible reasons for black smoke, but this could be one of them. If your fuel pressure regulator is worn or leaking, black smoke will be the result of that. This is due to an abundance of fuel in the internal combustion chamber which gets burned.
Leaking Fuel – When you have a bad fuel pressure regulator, it is common to experience leaking fuel. Perhaps the seals on the regulator are damaged or worn, which is then causing fuel to leak through. As the gasoline continues to leak, it will reduce the performance of your engine. If you don’t notice the fuel pouring out onto the road behind you, then you may notice the fuel smell that will fill the cabin while this is happening.
Engine Misfire – An engine misfire is the result of the internal combustion chamber not having the right fuel and air balance. This is the symptom you should experience most often if you have a bad fuel pressure regulator. All it takes is for one cylinder to not ignite normally and you will experience a misfire. Many people think this could only happen when you first start the vehicle, but it can actually happen as you’re driving the vehicle. In fact, when you’re driving at high speeds, this is the time when it is most likely going to happen.
Low Fuel Efficiency – With all these problems concerning leaky gasoline and incorrect air and fuel mixtures, you can certainly expect your fuel efficiency to decrease drastically. The more demands you put on your engine, the harder it is going to work to sustain your demands. But if your fuel pressure regulator is malfunctioning, it could cause too much fuel or not enough fuel to be placed into the combustion chamber, depending on the circumstances. Then your miles per gallon will keep getting smaller until you replace your faulty regulator.
Read also: 5 Causes of Car Engine Knocking Noise
Weak Acceleration – One of the worst symptoms of a bad fuel pressure regulator is weak acceleration. If you step on the gas pedal but it does not cause you to move any faster, then it means your engine is not getting the proper balance of fuel and air in its combustion chamber. Although this could be for many reasons, a faulty fuel pressure regulator is one of those reasons.